SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2021
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 2. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of presentation. The accompanying condensed financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited interim condensed financial statements contain all necessary adjustments (including all those of a recurring nature and those necessary in order for the financial statements to be not misleading) and all disclosures to present fairly our financial position and the results of our operations and cash flows for the periods presented.
These unaudited interim condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the related notes thereto included in our 2020 10-K.
The operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the full year.
Basis of accounting. The financial statements have been prepared on the accrual basis of accounting in conformity with U.S. GAAP.
Use of estimates and assumptions. We are required to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that we believe are reasonable based on our historical experience, contract terms, observance of known trends in our Company and the industry as a whole, and information available from other outside sources. Our estimates affect reported amounts for assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and related disclosures. Actual results may differ from initial estimates.
Consolidation. The financial statements are presented on a consolidated basis and include the results of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiary, PGP. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
Reclassifications. Certain accounts and financial statement captions in the prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the current period financial statement presentations.
Cash and cash equivalents. We consider cash on hand and cash in banks as cash. We consider certificates of deposit and other short-term securities with maturities of three months or less when purchased as cash equivalents. Our cash in bank balances are deposited in insured banking institutions, which are insured up to $250,000 per account. To date, we have not experienced uninsured losses, and we believe the risk of future loss is negligible.
Accounts receivable and allowance for doubtful accounts. Accounts receivable are stated at face value less an allowance for doubtful accounts. Accounts receivable are non-interest bearing. The Company reviews the accounts receivable on a monthly basis to determine if any receivables will potentially be uncollectible. The allowance for doubtful accounts is estimated based on specific customer reviews, historical collection trends and current economic and business conditions.
Inventory. Inventory consists of ancillary products such as signs, layouts and bases for the various games and electronic devices and components to support all our electronic enhancements used on casino table games (“Enhanced Table Systems”), and we maintain inventory levels based on historical and industry trends. We regularly assess inventory quantities for excess and obsolescence primarily based on forecasted product demand. Inventory is valued at the lower of net realizable value or cost, which is determined by the average cost method.
Assets deployed at client locations, net. Our Enhanced Table Systems are assembled by us and accounted for as inventory until deployed at our casino clients’ premises (Note 6). Once deployed and placed into service at client locations, the assets are transferred from inventory and reported as assets deployed at client locations. These assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation. Depreciation on assets deployed at client locations is calculated using the straight-line method over a three-year period.
Property and equipment, net. Property and equipment are being depreciated over their estimated useful lives (three to five years) using the straight-line method of depreciation (Note 5). Property and equipment are analyzed for potential impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable and exceeds their fair value.
Goodwill. Goodwill (Note 7) is assessed for impairment at least annually or at other times during the year if events or circumstances indicate that it is more-likely-than-not that the fair value of a reporting asset is below the carrying amount. If found to be impaired, the carrying amount will be reduced, and an impairment loss will be recognized. The Company performed a qualitative evaluation of goodwill impairment at March 31, 2021 and determined it was not necessary to perform a quantitative assessment As a result, no impairment was recorded in the period ended March 31, 2021.
Other intangible assets, net. The following intangible assets have finite lives and are being amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated economic lives as follows:
Other intangible assets (Note 7) are analyzed for potential impairment at least annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable and exceeds the fair value, which is the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the intangible assets. No impairment was recorded for the three months ended March 31, 2021.
Interest rates swap agreement. The Company has entered into an interest rate swap agreement to reduce the impact of changes in interest rates on its floating rate long-term debt. The interest rate swap agreement matures May 1, 2021. The interest rate swap has not been designated a hedging instrument and is adjusted to fair value through earnings in the Company’s statements of operations.
Fair value of financial instruments. We estimate fair value for financial assets and liabilities in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement (“ASC 820”). ASC 820 defines fair value, provides guidance for measuring fair value, requires certain disclosures and discusses valuation techniques, such as the market approach (comparable market prices), the income approach (present value of future income or cash flow) and the cost approach (cost to replace the service capacity of an asset or replacement cost). ASC 820 utilizes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels:
The estimated fair values of cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate their carrying amounts due to their short-term nature. The estimated fair value of our long-term debt approximates its carrying value based upon our expected borrowing rate for debt with similar remaining maturities and comparable risk. As of March 31, 2021, the interest rate swap agreement was the only financial instrument measured at estimated fair value on a recurring basis based on valuation reports provided by counterparties, which are classified as level 2 inputs.
Leases. We account for lease components (such as rent payments) separately from non-lease components (such as common-area maintenance costs, real estate and sales taxes and insurance costs). Operating and finance leases with terms greater than 12 months are recorded on the balance sheet as right-of-use assets with corresponding lease liabilities. Lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis using the discount rate implicit in each lease or our incremental borrowing rate at lease commencement date (Note 9).
Revenue recognition. We account for our revenue in accordance with ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. See Note 3.
Costs of ancillary products and assembled components. Ancillary products include pay tables (display of payouts), bases, layouts, signage and other items as they relate to support of specific proprietary games in connection with the licensing of our games. Assembled components represent the cost of the equipment, devices and incorporated software used to support our Enhanced Table Systems.
Research and development. We incur research and development (“R&D”) costs to develop our new and next-generation products. Our products reach commercial feasibility shortly before the products are released, and therefore R&D costs are expensed as incurred. Employee-related costs associated with product development are included in R&D costs.
Foreign currency translation. The functional currency for PGP is the Euro. Gains and losses from settlement of transactions involving foreign currency amounts are included in other income or expense in the consolidated statements of operations. Gains and losses resulting from translating assets and liabilities from the functional currency to U.S. dollars are included in accumulated other comprehensive income or (loss) in the consolidated statements of changes in stockholders’ deficit.
Net income per share. Basic net income per share is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common shares issued and outstanding during the year. Diluted net income per share is similar to basic, except that the weighted-average number of shares outstanding is increased by the potentially dilutive effect of outstanding stock options and restricted stock, if applicable, during the year.
Segmented Information. We define operating segments as components of our enterprise for which separate financial information is reviewed regularly by the chief operating decision-makers to evaluate performance and to make operating decisions. We currently operate our business as one operating segment which generates revenue from the licensing of intellectual property.
Share-based compensation. We recognize compensation expense for all restricted stock and stock option awards made to employees, directors and independent contractors. The fair value of restricted stock is measured using the grant date trading price of our stock. The fair value of stock option awards (Note 13) is estimated at the grant date using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, and the portion that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as compensation cost over the requisite service period. We have elected to recognize compensation expense for all options with graded vesting on a straight-line basis over the vesting period of the entire option. The determination of fair value using the Black-Scholes pricing model is affected by our stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of complex and subjective variables, including expected stock price volatility, risk-free interest rate, expected dividends and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors. We estimate volatility based on historical volatility of our common stock, and estimate the expected term based on several criteria, including the vesting period of the grant and the term of the award. We estimate employee stock option exercise behavior based on actual historical exercise activity and assumptions regarding future exercise activity of unexercised, outstanding options.
Other significant accounting policies. See Note 2 in Item 8 “Financial Statements and Supplementary Financial Information” included in our 2020 10-K.
Recently adopted accounting standards. Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. In December 2019, the FASB issued Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (ASU 2019-12), which simplifies the accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 is effective for the fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods within those fiscal years. We have adopted the new standard effective January 1, 2021, and its adoption does not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
New accounting standards not yet adopted. Financial Instruments – Credit Losses. In February 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-02, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326). ASU 2020-02 provides updated guidance on how an entity should measure credit losses on financial instruments and delayed the effective date of Topic 326 for smaller reporting companies until fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. Early adoption is permitted. We do not believe the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on our financial statements or related disclosures.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef