Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)


12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2017
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  


This summary of our significant accounting policies is presented to assist in understanding our financial statements. The financial statements and notes are representations of our management team, who are responsible for their integrity and objectivity. These accounting policies conform to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and have been consistently applied to the preparation of the financial statements.

Basis of presentation. The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP and the rules and regulations of the SEC. The results for the periods presented reflect all normal and recurring adjustments that management considers necessary for a fair presentation of operating results.

Basis of accounting. The financial statements have been prepared on the accrual basis of accounting in conformity with U.S. GAAP. Revenues are recognized as income when earned and expenses are recognized when they are incurred. We do not have significant categories of cost of revenues. Expenses such as wages, consulting expenses, legal, regulatory and professional fees and rent are recorded when the expense is incurred.

Cash and cash equivalents. We consider cash on hand, cash in banks, certificates of deposit, and other short-term securities with maturities of three months or less when purchased, as cash and cash equivalents. Our cash in bank balances are deposited in insured banking institutions, which are insured up to $250,000 per account. To date, we have not experienced uninsured losses and we believe the risk of future loss is negligible.

Restricted cash. We are required by gaming regulation to maintain sufficient reserves in restricted accounts to be used for the purpose of funding payments to winners of our jackpots offered. Compliance with restricted cash requirements for jackpot funding is reported to gaming authorities in various jurisdictions.

Inventory. Inventory consists of ancillary products such as signs, layouts, and bases for the various games and electronic devices and components to support our Enhanced Table Systems (Note 4) and we maintain inventory levels based on historical and industry trends.  We regularly assess inventory quantities for excess and obsolescence primarily based on forecasted product demand.  On January 1, 2017, we adopted ASU No. 2015-11, Inventory: Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory.  As a result, inventory is now valued at the lower of net realizable value (previously “market”) or cost, which is determined by the average cost method.  The adoption of ASU 2015-11 did not have a material effect on our reported financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Assets deployed at client locations, net. Our Enhanced Table Systems are manufactured by us and deployed at our casino clients’ premises (Note 6).  When deployed and placed into service at client locations, the assets are transferred from inventory to assets deployed at client locations.  These assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation. Depreciation on assets deployed at client locations is calculated using the straight-line method over a three-year period.

Property and equipment, net. Property and equipment are being depreciated over their estimated useful lives (3 to 5 years) using the straight-line method of depreciation for book purposes (Note 5). Property and equipment are analyzed for potential impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable and exceeds their fair value.

Goodwill. A goodwill balance of $1,091,000 was created as a result of an asset acquisition completed in October 2011 from Prime Table Games, LLC (the “PTG Acquisition”). Goodwill is assessed for impairment at least annually or at other times during the year if events or circumstances indicate that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is below the carrying amount. If found to be impaired, the carrying amount will be reduced and an impairment loss will be recognized.

Other intangible assets, net. These intangible assets have finite lives and are being amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated economic lives:



87 - 132 months

Client relationships


264 months



132 - 360 months

Non-compete agreements


108 months

Internally-developed software


36 months


Other intangible assets (Note 7) are analyzed for potential impairment at least annually, or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable and exceeds their fair value, which is the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the intangible assets.  There were no events or changes in circumstances that would indicate a possible impairment as of December 31, 2017.  

Fair value of financial instruments. We estimate fair value for financial assets and liabilities in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement (ASC 820). ASC 820 defines fair value, provides guidance for measuring fair value, requires certain disclosures and discusses valuation techniques, such as the market approach (comparable market prices), the income approach (present value of future income or cash flow) and the cost approach (cost to replace the service capacity of an asset or replacement cost). ASC 820 utilizes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels:


Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.


Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. These include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets and quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active.


Level 3: Unobservable inputs that reflect the reporting entity’s own assumptions.


The estimated fair values of cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate their carrying amount due to their short-term nature. The estimated fair value of our long-term debt and capital lease obligations approximates their carrying value based upon our expected borrowing rate for debt with similar remaining maturities and comparable risk. As of December 31, 2017, the six-year common stock warrants issued to the lenders of the August 2016 $10,500,000 Term Loan (the “Term Loan”) to purchase 1,965,780 shares of our common stock (the “Warrants”) were the only financial instrument measured at estimated fair value on a recurring basis based on level 2 inputs (Note 14).

Leases.  We recognize rent expense for operating leases on a straight-line basis (including the effect of reduced or free rent and rent escalations) over the applicable lease term.  The difference between the cash paid to the landlord and the amount recognized as rent expense on a straight-line basis is included in deferred rent.  In April 2014, the landlord of our corporate headquarters financed leasehold improvements in the amount of $150,000, which have been recorded as a capital lease and amortized over the initial term of the lease (Note 9). 

Revenue recognition. Revenue is primarily derived from the licensing of our products and intellectual property. Consistent with our strategy, revenue is generated from negotiated month-to-month recurring licensing fees or the performance of our products, or both. We also, occasionally, receive a one-time sale of certain products and/or reimbursement of our manufactured equipment.

Revenue is recognized when it is earned. Depending upon the product and negotiated terms, our clients may be invoiced monthly in advance, monthly in arrears or quarterly in arrears for the licensing of our products. If billed in advance, the advance billings are recorded as deferred revenue until earned. If billed in arrears, we recognize revenue upon invoicing at the subsequent date. Generally, we begin earning revenue with the installation or “go live” date of the associated product in our clients’ establishment. The monthly recurring invoices are based on executed agreements with each client.  Additionally, clients may be invoiced for product sales at the time of shipment or delivery of the product.

Revenue from the sale of our products is recognized when the following criteria are met:

(1)    Persuasive evidence of an arrangement between us and our client exists;

(2)    Shipment has occurred;

(3)    The price is fixed and or determinable; and

(4)    Collectability is reasonably assured or probable.


In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued ASU No. 2014-09 (Topic 606), Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”), which is a comprehensive new revenue recognition standard that will supersede virtually all existing revenue guidance, including industry-specific guidance.  We have evaluated the potential impact of adopting ASC 606 when it becomes effective January 1, 2018 (see “New accounting standards not yet adopted” below).

Costs of ancillary products and assembled components. Ancillary products include paytables (display of payouts), bases, layouts, signage and other items as they relate to support specific proprietary games in connection with the licensing of our games. Assembled components represent the cost of the equipment, devices and incorporated software used to support our Enhanced Table Systems.

Research and development. We incur research and development (“R&D”) costs to develop our new and next-generation products. Our products reach commercial feasibility shortly before the products are released and therefore R&D costs are expensed as incurred. Employee related costs associated with product development are included in R&D costs.

Foreign currency transactions.  We record foreign currency transactions at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transaction. Subsequent exchange gains and losses from foreign currency remeasurements are included in other income (expense) of our statements of operations.

Income taxes. We are subject to income taxes in both the United States and in certain non-U.S. jurisdictions.  We account for income taxes in accordance with ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes. We use the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes. Under the asset and liability method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases, and operating loss and tax credit carry-forwards. These temporary differences will result in deductible or taxable amounts in future years when the reported amounts of the assets or liabilities are recovered or settled. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is provided when it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets may not be realized. Adjustments to the valuation allowance increase or decrease our income tax provision or benefit. To the extent we believe that recovery is not more likely than not, we establish a valuation allowance against these deferred tax assets.  Significant judgment is required in determining our provision for income taxes, our deferred tax assets and liabilities, and any valuation allowance recorded against our deferred tax assets. As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, we did not record a valuation allowance.

We recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position (Note 13).

Judgment is required in determining the provision for incomes taxes and related accruals, deferred tax assets and liabilities. In the ordinary course of business, there are transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax outcome is uncertain. Additionally, our tax returns are subject to audit by various tax authorities. Although we believe that our estimates are reasonable, actual results could differ from these estimates.

Net income (loss) per share. Basic net income (loss) per share is calculated by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of common shares issued and outstanding during the year. Diluted net income per share is similar to basic, except that the weighted-average number of shares outstanding is increased by the potentially dilutive effect of outstanding stock options, restricted stock and warrants, if applicable, during the year, using the treasury stock method. The effect of outstanding stock options, restricted stock and warrants is excluded from the computation of net loss per share for the year ended December 31, 2017 as the effect is anti-dilutive.

Share-based compensation. We recognize compensation expense for all restricted stock and stock option awards made to employees, directors and independent contractors. The fair value of restricted stock is measured using the grant date trading price of our stock.  The fair value of stock option awards (Note 14) is estimated at the grant date using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model and the portion that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as compensation cost over the requisite service period. We have elected to recognize compensation expense for all options with graded vesting on a straight-line basis over the vesting period of the entire option. The determination of fair value using the Black-Scholes pricing model is affected by our stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of complex and subjective variables, including expected stock price volatility, risk-free interest rate, expected dividends and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors. We estimate volatility based on historical volatility of our common stock, and estimate the expected term based on several criteria, including the vesting period of the grant and the term of the award. We estimate employee stock option exercise behavior based on actual historical exercise activity and assumptions regarding future exercise activity of unexercised, outstanding options.

Share based compensation is recognized only for those awards that are ultimately expected to vest, and we have applied or estimated forfeiture rate to unvested awards for purposes of calculating compensation costs. These estimates will be revised in future periods if actual forfeitures differ from the estimates. Changes in forfeiture estimates impact compensation cost in the period in which the change in estimate occurs.

Common stock warrants. We account for common stock warrants (Note 14) pursuant to the applicable guidance on accounting for derivative financial instruments indexed to, and potentially settled in, a company’s own stock, on the understanding that in compliance with applicable securities laws, registered warrants require the issuance of unregistered securities upon exercise.  We classify the warrants on the balance sheet as a long-term liability, which is revalued at each balance sheet date subsequent to the initial issuance. Determining the appropriate fair-value model and calculating the fair value of warrants requires considerable judgment, including estimating stock price volatility and expected warrant life. We develop our estimates based on historical data. A small change in the estimates used may have a relatively large change in the estimated valuation. We use the Black-Scholes pricing model to value the registered warrants. Changes in the fair market value of the Warrants are reflected in the statement of operations as “Change in estimated fair value of warrant liability.” No warrants have been exercised as of December 31, 2017.

Use of estimates and assumptions. We are required to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that we believe are reasonable based on our historical experience, contract terms, observance of known trends in our company and the industry as a whole, and information available from other outside sources. Our estimates affect reported amounts for assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and related disclosures. Actual results may differ from initial estimates.

Recently adopted accounting standards

Inventory.  In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-11, Inventory: Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory.  Inventory is now required to be measured at the lower of cost or net realizable value, while the concept of market value will be eliminated.  The ASU defines net realizable value as the estimated selling process in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation.  We adopted ASU 2015-11 effective January 1, 2017 using the required prospective adoption approach, which did not have a material effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Stock-based compensation. In March 2016, the FASB issued No. ASU 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting. ASU 2016-09 addresses several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment award transactions, including: (a) income tax consequences; (b) classification of awards as either equity or liabilities; and (c) classification on the statement of cash flows. We adopted ASU 2016-09 effective January 1, 2017 using the prospective adoption approach, which did not have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

New accounting standards not yet adopted

Revenue Recognition.  In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09 (Topic 606), Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which is a comprehensive new revenue recognition standard that will supersede virtually all existing revenue guidance, including industry-specific guidance.  Under the new standard, revenue will be recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which we expect to be entitled in exchange for those goods and services.  The standard creates a five-step model that will generally require companies to use more judgment and make more estimates than under current guidance when considering the terms of contracts along with all relevant facts and circumstances.  These include the identification of customer contracts and separating performance obligations, the determination of transaction price that potentially includes an estimate of variable consideration, allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation, and recognizing revenue in line with the pattern of transfer.

In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, which defers the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year to now be effective for fiscal years, and interim reporting periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017.  We will adopt ASC 606 on its effective date of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach (reporting the cumulative effect as of the date of adoption). 

The primary impacts of the adoption of ASC 606 on our financial statements are the following: (a) revenues generated by our European distributors (which sublicense our intellectual properties to gaming establishments in Europe in accordance with license agreements entered into between us and such distributors) will be presented as gross revenue under the caption “product leases and royalties” and fees earned by such distributors will be presented as selling, general and administrative expenses. Currently, revenues generated by our European distributors are presented net of fees earned under the caption “product leases and royalties;” and (b) prepayments from customer in advance of the period that the revenue is recognized were historically recorded under the caption “deferred revenue” in the accompanying balance sheet. This caption will be renamed “contract liability” in accordance with the requirements of ASC 606.


We have determined that, as a result of adopting ASC 606, our revenue for the year ended December 31, 2017 will increase by $695,199, with a corresponding increase to selling, general and administrative expense. There is no impact expected on net income for the year ended December 31, 2017. 


Despite the immaterial impact of the adoption of ASC 606 on our financial statements, the adoption of ASC 606 will significantly increase revenue disclosure requirements.

Leases.  In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842).  The amended guidance is intended to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements.  The adoption of this guidance is expected to result in a significant portion of our operating leases being recognized on our balance sheets.  The guidance requires lessees and lessors to recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach.  ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within those fiscal years with earlier adoption permitted.  We are currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance.

Restricted Cash. In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash. This ASU requires amounts generally described as restricted cash and cash equivalents be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the total beginning and ending amounts for the periods shown on the statement of cash flows. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 and interim periods within those fiscal years with early adoption permitted. Upon the adoption of ASU 2016-08, restricted cash will be included within beginning and ending cash and cash equivalents amounts on our statements of cash flows, which we do not expect will have a material impact on our financial statements.  

Goodwill Impairment. In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which simplifies the current two-step goodwill impairment test by eliminating Step 2 of the test. This guidance requires a one-step impairment test in which an entity compares the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount and recognizes an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value, if any. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and interim periods within those fiscal years, and should be applied on a prospective basis. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. We are currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance.


Compensation - Stock Compensation.  In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-09, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting, which provides clarification on when modification accounting should be used for changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 and for interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. We will adopt the guidance on January 1, 2018, as required, and do not believe the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on our financial statements.