|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2018
|Revenue From Contract With Customer [Abstract]|
NOTE 3. REVENUE RECOGNITION
Adoption of ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers
On January 1, 2018, we adopted ASC 606 and applied it to all contracts using the modified retrospective method. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under ASC 606, while prior period amounts have not and will not be adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with our historical accounting treatment under Topic 605, Revenue Recognition.
The adoption of ASC 606 had the following impact on our balance sheet and statement of operations: (i) we reported higher product leases and royalty revenue and selling, general and administrative expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 as a result of the assessment of our distributor relationships. We have entered into agreements with certain distributors in Europe, which sublicense our intellectual property to gaming establishments in Europe. We have historically recorded net revenues (gross revenue generated minus distributor fees paid) as product leases and royalty revenue. However, after applying principal vs. agent considerations to these distributor relationships in accordance with ASC 606, we have determined that revenues earned from gaming establishments in Europe should now be recorded as gross revenue and fees earned by such distributors should be recorded as selling, general and administrative expenses as we had control of the sub-licensed intellectual property prior to the licensing of such intellectual property to the gaming establishments; and (ii) prepayments from customers in advance of the period that the revenue is recognized were historically recorded under the caption “deferred revenue” in the accompanying balance sheet. This caption has now been renamed “revenue contract liability” in accordance with the requirements of ASC 606.
For the three months ended September 30, 2018, the adoption of ASC 606 had the following impact on our statement of operations:
For the six months ended September 30, 2018, the adoption of ASC 606 had the following impact on our statement of operations:
We generate revenue primarily from the licensing of our intellectual property. We also, occasionally, receive a one-time sale of certain products and/or reimbursement of our manufactured equipment.
License Fees. We derive product lease and royalty revenue from negotiated recurring fee license agreements and the performance of our products. We account for these agreements as month-to-month contracts for the purposes of ASC 606 and recognize revenue each month as we satisfy our performance obligations by granting access to intellectual property to our clients. In addition, revenue associated with performance-based agreements is recognized during the month that the usage of the product or intellectual property occurs. We believe it is inappropriate to use the input method as the inputs do not correlate to the satisfaction of our performance obligations. Intellectual property requires significant upfront investment in the form of human resources required for their development and/or capital resources for acquisition from third parties. However, limited maintenance is required once the games have been placed on casino floors. The output method, on the other hand, recognizes revenue based on direct measurements of the value to our customers of the licensed intellectual property, which we believe is more appropriate. We have further applied the “as invoiced” practical expedient under the output method by recognizing product lease and royalty revenue in proportion to the amount for which we have the right to invoice.
Some of our intellectual property requires the installation of certain equipment and both the intellectual property and the related equipment are licensed in one bundled package. We have determined that the equipment is not distinct from the intellectual property and, therefore, we have only one performance obligation and, as a result, the allocation of the transaction price to different performance obligations is not necessary.
Product Sales. Occasionally, we sell certain incidental products or receive reimbursement of our manufactured equipment after the commencement of the new license agreement. Revenue from such sales is recognized as a separate performance obligation when we ship the items.
Disaggregation of Revenue. The following table disaggregates our revenue by major source for the three and six months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017:
The following table disaggregates our revenue by geographic location for the three and six months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017:
Revenue Contract Asset and Liability. Upon the adoption of ASC 606, we have applied the practical expedient of expensing incremental commissions paid to sales representatives directly related to the acquisition and fulfilment of new contracts, when the amortization period of the contract asset that we otherwise would have recognized is one year or less.
We invoice our clients monthly in advance for unlimited use of our intellectual property licenses. Upon the adoption of ASC 606, we recognized a revenue contract liability that represents such advanced billing to our clients for unsatisfied performance. We reduce the revenue contract liability and recognize revenue when we transfer those goods or services and, therefore, satisfy our performance obligation.
The table below summarizes changes in the revenue contract liability during the nine months ended September 30, 2018:
Revenue recognized during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 that was included in the beginning balance of revenue contract liability above was $1,083,639.
The entire disclosure of revenue from contract with customer to transfer good or service and to transfer nonfinancial asset. Includes, but is not limited to, disaggregation of revenue, credit loss recognized from contract with customer, judgment and change in judgment related to contract with customer, and asset recognized from cost incurred to obtain or fulfill contract with customer. Excludes insurance and lease contracts.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef