SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2018
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 2. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
This summary of our significant accounting policies is presented to assist in understanding our financial statements. The financial statements and notes are representations of our management team, who are responsible for their integrity and objectivity. These accounting policies conform to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and have been consistently applied to the preparation of the financial statements.
Basis of presentation. The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP and the rules and regulations of the SEC. The results for the periods presented reflect all normal and recurring adjustments that management considers necessary for a fair presentation of operating results.
Basis of accounting. The financial statements have been prepared on the accrual basis of accounting in conformity with U.S. GAAP. Revenues are recognized as income when earned and expenses are recognized when they are incurred. We do not have significant categories of cost of revenues. Expenses such as wages, consulting expenses, legal, regulatory and professional fees and rent are recorded when the expense is incurred.
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash. We consider cash on hand, cash in banks, certificates of deposit, and other short-term securities with maturities of three months or less when purchased, as cash and cash equivalents. Our cash in bank balances are deposited in insured banking institutions, which are insured up to $250,000 per account. To date, we have not experienced uninsured losses and we believe the risk of future loss is negligible. Through August 2018, we maintained a reserve in a restricted bank account for the purpose of funding payments to winners of our jackpots. At December 31, 2018, no funds remained in the restricted bank account due to the termination of the contract between us and the casino operator where the jackpots were offered.
Inventory. Inventory consists of ancillary products such as signs, layouts, and bases for the various games and electronic devices and components to support our Enhanced Table Systems (Note 4) and we maintain inventory levels based on historical and industry trends. We regularly assess inventory quantities for excess and obsolescence primarily based on forecasted product demand. Inventory is valued at the lower of net realizable value or cost, which is determined by the average cost method.
Assets deployed at client locations, net. Our Enhanced Table Systems are assembled by us and accounted for as inventory until deployed at our casino clients’ premises (Note 6). Once deployed and placed into service at client locations, the assets are transferred from inventory and reported as assets deployed at client locations. These assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation. Depreciation on assets deployed at client locations is calculated using the straight-line method over a three-year period.
Property and equipment, net. Property and equipment are being depreciated over their estimated useful lives (3 to 5 years) using the straight-line method of depreciation for book purposes (Note 5). Property and equipment are analyzed for potential impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable and exceeds their fair value.
Goodwill. A goodwill balance of $1,091,000 was created as a result of an asset acquisition completed in October 2011 from Prime Table Games, LLC (the “PTG Acquisition”). Goodwill is assessed for impairment at least annually or at other times during the year if events or circumstances indicate that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is below the carrying amount. If found to be impaired, the carrying amount will be reduced and an impairment loss will be recognized.
In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2017-04, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which simplifies the current two-step goodwill impairment test by eliminating Step 2 of the test. This guidance requires a one-step impairment test in which an entity compares the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount and recognizes an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value, if any. We early adopted this guidance for the annual test performed for the year ended December 31, 2018 and the adoption did not have any impact on our financial statements.
Other intangible assets, net. The following intangible assets have finite lives and are being amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated economic lives:
Other intangible assets (Note 7) are analyzed for potential impairment at least annually, or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable and exceeds their fair value, which is the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the intangible assets. There were no events or changes in circumstances that would indicate a possible impairment as of December 31, 2018.
Fair value of financial instruments. We estimate fair value for financial assets and liabilities in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement (“ASC 820”). ASC 820 defines fair value, provides guidance for measuring fair value, requires certain disclosures and discusses valuation techniques, such as the market approach (comparable market prices), the income approach (present value of future income or cash flow) and the cost approach (cost to replace the service capacity of an asset or replacement cost). ASC 820 utilizes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels:
The estimated fair values of cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate their carrying amounts due to their short-term nature. The estimated fair value of our long-term debt and capital lease obligations approximates their carrying value based upon our expected borrowing rate for debt with similar remaining maturities and comparable risk. As of December 31, 2018, the interest rate swap agreement was the only financial instrument measured at estimated fair value on a recurring basis based on valuation reports provided by counterparties, which are classified as level 2 inputs.
Leases. We recognize rent expense for operating leases on a straight-line basis (including the effect of reduced or free rent and rent escalations) over the applicable lease term. The difference between the cash paid to the landlord and the amount recognized as rent expense on a straight-line basis is included in deferred rent. In April 2014, the landlord of our corporate headquarters financed leasehold improvements in the amount of $150,000, which have been recorded as a capital lease and amortized over the initial term of the lease (Note 9). In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which was adopted by us effective January 1, 2019. See “new accounting standards not yet adopted” section below for more detail on the adoption.
Revenue recognition. In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09 (Topic 606), Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”), which is a comprehensive new revenue recognition standard that superseded virtually all existing revenue guidance, including industry-specific guidance. We adopted ASC 606 on January 1, 2018 (see “recently adopted accounting standards” section below and Note 3).
Costs of ancillary products and assembled components. Ancillary products include paytables (display of payouts), bases, layouts, signage and other items as they relate to support specific proprietary games in connection with the licensing of our games. Assembled components represent the cost of the equipment, devices and incorporated software used to support our Enhanced Table Systems.
Research and development. We incur research and development (“R&D”) costs to develop our new and next-generation products. Our products reach commercial feasibility shortly before the products are released and therefore R&D costs are expensed as incurred. Employee related costs associated with product development are included in R&D costs.
Foreign currency transactions. We record foreign currency transactions at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transaction. Subsequent exchange gains and losses from foreign currency remeasurements are included in other income (expense) of our statements of operations.
Income taxes. We are subject to income taxes in both the United States and in certain non-U.S. jurisdictions. We account for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740, Income Taxes (“ASC 740”) using the asset and liability method. Under the asset and liability method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases, and operating loss and tax credit carry-forwards. These temporary differences will result in deductible or taxable amounts in future years when the reported amounts of the assets or liabilities are recovered or settled. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is provided when it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets may not be realized. Adjustments to the valuation allowance increase or decrease our income tax provision or benefit. To the extent we believe that recovery is not more likely than not, we establish a valuation allowance against these deferred tax assets. Significant judgment is required in determining our provision for income taxes, our deferred tax assets and liabilities, and any valuation allowance recorded against our deferred tax assets. As of December 31, 2018 and 2017, we did not record a valuation allowance.
In the ordinary course of business, there are transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax outcome is uncertain. Additionally, our tax returns are subject to audit by various tax authorities. Although we believe that our estimates are reasonable, actual results could differ from these estimates. We recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on an evaluation of the technical merits of the position, which requires a significant degree of judgment (Note 13).
Net income (loss) per share. Basic net income (loss) per share is calculated by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of common shares issued and outstanding during the year. Diluted net income per share is similar to basic, except that the weighted-average number of shares outstanding is increased by the potentially dilutive effect of outstanding stock options, restricted stock and warrants, if applicable, during the year, using the treasury stock method. The effect of outstanding stock options, restricted stock and warrants is excluded from the computation of net loss per share for the year ended December 31, 2017, as the effect is anti-dilutive.
Share-based compensation. We recognize compensation expense for all restricted stock and stock option awards made to employees, directors and independent contractors. The fair value of restricted stock is measured using the grant date trading price of our stock. The fair value of stock option awards (Note 14) is estimated at the grant date using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model and the portion that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as compensation cost over the requisite service period. We have elected to recognize compensation expense for all options with graded vesting on a straight-line basis over the vesting period of the entire option. The determination of fair value using the Black-Scholes pricing model is affected by our stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of complex and subjective variables, including expected stock price volatility, risk-free interest rate, expected dividends and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors. We estimate volatility based on historical volatility of our common stock, and estimate the expected term based on several criteria, including the vesting period of the grant and the term of the award. We estimate employee stock option exercise behavior based on actual historical exercise activity and assumptions regarding future exercise activity of unexercised, outstanding options.
Share based compensation is recognized only for those awards that are ultimately expected to vest, and we have applied or estimated forfeiture rate to unvested awards for purposes of calculating compensation costs. These estimates will be revised in future periods if actual forfeitures differ from the estimates. Changes in forfeiture estimates impact compensation cost in the period in which the change in estimate occurs.
Use of estimates and assumptions. We are required to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that we believe are reasonable based on our historical experience, contract terms, observance of known trends in our company and the industry as a whole, and information available from other outside sources. Our estimates affect reported amounts for assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and related disclosures. Actual results may differ from initial estimates.
Recently adopted accounting standards
Revenue Recognition. Effective January 1, 2018, we adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective approach (reporting the cumulative effect as of the date of adoption). Under ASC 606, revenue is recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which we expect to be entitled in exchange for those goods and services. ASC 606 creates a five-step model that generally requires companies to use more judgment and make more estimates than under the previous guidance when considering the terms of contracts along with all relevant facts and circumstances. These include the identification of customer contracts and separating performance obligations, the determination of transaction price that potentially includes an estimate of variable consideration, allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation, and recognizing revenue in line with the pattern of transfer. See Note 3 for further detail.
Restricted Cash. Effective January 1, 2018, we adopted ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash. This ASU requires amounts generally described as restricted cash and cash equivalents be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the total beginning and ending amounts for the periods shown on the statement of cash flows. We adopted this guidance on a retrospective basis, which resulted in the inclusion of restricted cash within cash and cash equivalents on our balance sheets and statements of cash flows. Such restricted cash represented reserves set side in a restricted bank account in accordance with the requirements of gaming regulations for the purpose of funding payments to winners of jackpots at one of our client locations and was $95,062 at December 31, 2017. At December 31, 2018, no funds remained in the restricted bank account due to the termination of contract between us and this client location. Cash flows from operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2017 increased by $10,485 as a result of the adoption of this guidance.
Stock Compensation. Effective January 1, 2018, we adopted ASU No. 2017-09, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting, which provides clarification on when modification accounting should be used for changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. The adoption did not have a material impact on our financial statements.
New accounting standards not yet adopted as of December 31, 2018
Leases. In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The amended guidance is intended to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. The guidance requires lessees and lessors to recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within those fiscal years with earlier adoption permitted. We have adopted the new standard effective January 1, 2019, using the required modified retrospective transition approach and recognized approximately $0.2 million of our operating leases as right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities on our balance sheets upon adoption. The adoption has increased our total assets and liabilities as of January 1, 2019, and will result in higher amortization expense of right-of-use assets and lower rent expense for the year ended December 31, 2019 and thereafter. Lessor accounting related to our enhanced table system remains unchanged.
Fair Value Measurement. In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. ASU 2018-13 addresses the required disclosures around fair value measurement, removes certain disclosure requirements related to the fair value hierarchy, modifies existing disclosure requirements related to measurement uncertainty and adds new disclosure requirements. The new disclosure requirements include disclosing the changes in unrealized gains and losses for the period included in other comprehensive income for recurring Level 3 fair value measurements held at the end of the reporting period and the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements. The standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those annual periods. Early adoption is permitted. We do not believe the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on our financial statements.
Internal-Use Software. In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-15, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract. ASU 2018-15. This new guidance aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. The update is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those annual periods, with early adoption (including early adoption in any interim period) permitted. We do not believe the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on our financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef